Posted on 02 December 2017 | By Sunnybank Centre for Women | Fertility
Intrauterine Insemination (IUI), also known as Artificial Insemination (AI), is a simple fertility procedure in which concentrated, motile sperm is placed directly into the uterine cavity.
IUI is a relatively non-invasive option for treatment of infertility. The aim of this treatment is to place a large number of motile sperm high in the reproductive tract, bypassing the vagina and the cervix. This increases the number of sperm reaching the fallopian tubes, and therefore increasing the likelihood of conception.
IUI might be a treatment option for you in the following circumstances:
Mild abnormality on Semen Analysis
Occlusion or scarring of the cervix that stops sperm penetration
Problems with ovulation
Conditions such as vaginismus that may make penetrative sexual intercourse difficult
Donor Sperm use
IUI is not recommended for patients with blocked fallopian tubes, severe endometriosis, or severe male factor infertility.
Before doing an IUI cycle, your Fertility Specialist will check that your tubes are not blocked. This is achieved with either specialised imaging or laparoscopy with dye studies. The choice depends on whether your doctor suspects you have a condition that requires treatment with laparoscopic surgery, such as endometriosis.
The IUI procedure is similar to having a pap smear and only takes a few minutes to perform. Your fertility specialist will insert a speculum into your vagina. Once the cervix is visualised, a soft thin catheter is introduced through the opening of the cervix, into the uterus. The sperm is then introduced into the uterus via the catheter. If you suffer from vaginismus and are unable to tolerate speculum examinations, there is the option of prescribing medications to relax you, or the procedure can be done under light sedation.
At Sunnybank Centre for Women, Dr Joseph Jabbour provides IUI as a treatment option for suitable patients with infertility.